Blackberry. Kata tersebut sudah tidak perlu lagi dijelaskan apa maksudnya. Hampir semua orang pasti sudah tahu apa itu Blackberry. Dan selain sebagai merek sebuah smartphone keluaran Research In Motion (RIM), nama Blackberry juga berarti seluruh layanan yang ada di dalamnya, baik berupa email, messaging, ataupun browsing.
Beberapa tahun belakangan ini, terutama dalam setahun terakhir, nama Blackberry tiba-tiba saja meroket, ditandai dengan meningkatnya penjualan di seluruh dunia yang dalam 2 kuartal awal tahun 2010 menempatkannya menjadi vendor ponsel nomor 4 di dunia, menggusur Sony Ericsson ke peringkat 5 dan melemparkan Motorola ke peringkat 7.
Daya tarik Blackberry yang paling utama adalah layanannya yang ekslusif, karena menggunakan server milik sendiri sehingga kecepatan aksesnya sangat dapat diandalkan. Seluruh aktivitas dalam layanan Blackberry di seluruh dunia langsung berpusat pada server milik RIM yang berlokasi di Kanada. Hal ini berbeda dengan layanan sejenis dari perangkat dan penyedia layanan lain yang masing-masing memiliki server di negara tempat layanan tersebut dioperasikan.
Bagi sebagian negara tertentu, kondisi ini dianggap dapat membahayakan keamanan negara karena pemerintah negara tersebut tidak dapat memantau aktivitas yang sedang berlangsung, terutama yang berkaitan dengan issue keamanan. Walhasil, negara-negara tersebut meminta RIM agar menyediakan server tersendiri di negara masing-masing. Tetapi tampaknya RIM sampai saat ini tidak bersedia untuk memenuhi permintaan tersebut, sehingga dua dari negara-negara tersebut memberlakukan larangan penggunaan layanan Blackberry di negaranya, yaitu Saudi Arabia dan Uni Emirat Arab (UAE).
Kerajaan Saudi Arabia akan mulai memberlakukan larangan ini mulai akhir bulan Agustus dan UAE akan menerapkannya mulai awal Oktober tahun 2010 ini.
Berita mengenai larangan di UAE dapat dibaca lebih lengkap di sini: TRA Announces the Suspension of Blackberry Messenger, Blackberry E-mail and Blackberry Web-Browsing Services in the UAE from October 11, 2010
August 01, 2010
The TRA confirmed today that Blackberry Messenger, Blackberry E-mail and Blackberry Web-browsing services in the UAE will be suspended as of October 11th 2010. The suspension is a result of the failure of ongoing attempts, dating back to 2007, to bring Blackberry services in the UAE in line with UAE telecommunications regulations.
Both telecommunications operators – Etisalat and du – were informed of the decision earlier today. The notification was delivered with an instruction to ensure minimal consumer disruption in the provision of alternative services.
All Blackberry services fall within the UAE regulatory framework developed by the TRA since 2007, however because of Blackberry’s technical configuration, some Blackberry services operate beyond the enforcement these regulations.
Blackberry data is immediately exported off-shore, where it is managed by a foreign, commercial organization. Blackberry data services are currently the only data services operating in the UAE where this is the case.
Today’s decision is based on the fact that, in their current form, certain Blackberry services allow users to act without any legal accountability, causing judicial, social and national security concerns for the UAE.
Commenting on the announcement TRA Director General Mohamed Al Ghanim said: “With no solution available and in the public interest, in order to affect resolution of this issue, as of October 11, 2010, Blackberry Messenger, Blackberry Email and Blackberry Web-browsing services will be suspended until an acceptable solution can be developed and applied.”
“We informed both Etisalat and du that providing the option of alternative services to ensure the continuity of service from October 11 to its subscribers – both individuals and organisations – is the most important priority.” Al Ghanim added.
Said Al Ghanim, “The TRA notes that Blackberry appears to be compliant in similar regulatory environments of other countries, which makes non-compliance in the UAE both disappointing and of great concern.”
Kabar terakhir menyebutkan pula bahwa larangan di UAE juga berlaku untuk seluruh layanan, bahkan juga untuk pendatang dari luar negeri yang memasuki wilayah UAE.
Berita mengenai larangan layanan Blackberry di Saudi Arabia dapat dibaca di sini: Saudis to block BlackBerry services.
(CNN) — The Saudi Communications and Information Technology Commission asked mobile communications companies in Saudi Arabia to halt BlackBerry service in the kingdom beginning August 5, the official Saudi Press Agency reported Tuesday.
The mandate applies to businesses and individuals “because the manufacturer of the devices couldn’t meet the regulatory requirements of the commission and it is not in accordance with the regulations and conditions of licenses issued to service providers, at its present state,” it said.
It did not elaborate.
Research In Motion, the Canadian company that produces the BlackBerry, did not immediately respond to a request for reaction.
Tuesday’s decision comes a day after the United Arab Emirates defended its decision to suspend BlackBerry internet service, with its ambassador in Washington arguing the United States requires the same “regulatory compliance” for national security reasons.
The statement from Ambassador Yousef Al Otaiba came after a U.S. State Department spokesman criticized the UAE’s decision to restrict BlackBerry e-mail, instant messaging and Web browsing. Al Otaiba said the comments were “disappointing and contradict the U.S. government’s own approach to telecommunications regulation.”
“In fact, the UAE is asking for exactly the same regulatory compliance — and with the same principles of judicial and regulatory oversight — that BlackBerry grants the U.S. and other governments and nothing more,” the ambassador said. “Importantly, the UAE requires the same compliance as the U.S. for the very same reasons: to protect national security and to assist in law enforcement.”
The state-run Emirates News Agency reported Sunday that the UAE would suspend BlackBerry’s data service as of October 11. The announcement said certain services “allow users to act without any legal accountability, causing judicial, social and national security concerns for the UAE.”
U.S. State Department spokesman P.J. Crowley called the move “a dangerous precedent.” He told reporters Monday that the United States supports the free flow of information, “And we will be clarifying with the UAE their reasons for making this announcement.”
“It’s about what we think is an important element of democracy, human rights and freedom of information and the flow of information in the 21st century,” Crowley said. He said the United States understood the emirates’ concerns “about how information can be used by those who wish to attack the UAE or others,” but added, “We think this is not necessarily the best way to accomplish it.”
On Sunday, Telecom expert Abdel Rahman al Mazi told CNN that BlackBerry is considered to have the most secure operating system, “but on that same wavelength, you have to think that some of the activities that go on within the BlackBerry user community could need to be monitored by some government agencies for security reasons.”
Research in Motion has yet to provide any official response to CNN about the issue. But the UAE has said it has tried to reach a solution to the issue with the company.
“It is regrettable that after several years of discussions, BlackBerry is still not compliant with UAE regulatory requirements even as it complies with similar policies in other countries,” Al Otaiba said.
Bagaimana dengan di Indonesia? Menurut salah satu anggota Komite Badan Regulasi Telekomunikasi Indonesia kemungkinan untuk memblokir layanan Blackberry di Indonesia masih ada.